Testing in Headless Browsers

Configure Your Test Crate

Add this to the root of your test crate, e.g. $MY_CRATE/tests/web.rs:


# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
use wasm_bindgen_test::wasm_bindgen_test_configure;

wasm_bindgen_test_configure!(run_in_browser);
#}

Note that although a particular test crate must target either headless browsers or Node.js, you can have test suites for both Node.js and browsers for your project by using multiple test crates. For example:

$MY_CRATE/
`-- tests
    |-- node.rs    # The tests in this suite use the default Node.js.
    `-- web.rs     # The tests in this suite are configured for browsers.

Configuring Which Browser is Used

To control which browser is used for headless testing, use the appropriate flag with wasm-pack test:

  • wasm-pack test --chrome — Run the tests in Chrome. This machine must have Chrome installed.

  • wasm-pack test --firefox — Run the tests in Firefox. This machine must have Firefox installed.

  • wasm-pack test --safari — Run the tests in Safari. This machine must have Safari installed.

If multiple browser flags are passed, the tests will be run under each browser.

Running the Tests in the Headless Browser

Once the tests are configured to run in a headless browser, just run wasm-pack test with the appropriate browser flags and --headless:

wasm-pack test --headless --chrome --firefox --safari

Debugging Headless Browser Tests

Omitting the --headless flag will disable headless mode, and allow you to debug failing tests in your browser's devtools.


Appendix: Testing in headless browsers without wasm-pack

⚠️ The recommended way to use wasm-bindgen-test is with wasm-pack, since it will handle installing the test runner, installing a WebDriver client for your browser, and informing cargo how to use the custom test runner. However, you can also manage those tasks yourself, if you wish.

Configuring Which Browser is Used

If one of the following environment variables is set, then the corresponding WebDriver and browser will be used. If none of these environment variables are set, then the $PATH is searched for a suitable WebDriver implementation.

GECKODRIVER=path/to/geckodriver

Use Firefox for headless browser testing, and geckodriver as its WebDriver.

The firefox binary must be on your $PATH.

Get geckodriver here

CHROMEDRIVER=path/to/chromedriver

Use Chrome for headless browser testing, and chromedriver as its WebDriver.

The chrome binary must be on your $PATH.

Get chromedriver here

SAFARIDRIVER=path/to/safaridriver

Use Safari for headless browser testing, and safaridriver as its WebDriver.

This is installed by default on Mac OS. It should be able to find your Safari installation by default.

Running the Tests in the Headless Browser

Once the tests are configured to run in a headless browser and the appropriate environment variables are set, executing the tests for headless browsers is the same as executing them for Node.js:

cargo test --target wasm32-unknown-unknown

Debugging Headless Browser Tests

Set the NO_HEADLESS=1 environment variable and the browser tests will not run headless. Instead, the tests will start a local server that you can visit in your Web browser of choices, and headless testing should not be used. You can then use your browser's devtools to debug.