Importing non-browser JS

View full source code or view the compiled example online

The #[wasm_bindgen] attribute can be used on extern "C" { .. } blocks to import functionality from JS. This is how the js-sys and the web-sys crates are built, but you can also use it in your own crate!

For example if you're working with this JS file:

// defined-in-js.js
export function name() {
    return 'World';
}

export class MyClass {
    constructor() {
        this._number = 42;
    }

    get number() {
        return this._number;
    }

    set number(n) {
        return this._number = n;
    }

    render() {
        return `My number is: ${this.number}`;
    }
}

you can use it in Rust with:


# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
use wasm_bindgen::prelude::*;

#[wasm_bindgen(module = "./defined-in-js")]
extern "C" {
    fn name() -> String;

    type MyClass;

    #[wasm_bindgen(constructor)]
    fn new() -> MyClass;

    #[wasm_bindgen(method, getter)]
    fn number(this: &MyClass) -> u32;
    #[wasm_bindgen(method, setter)]
    fn set_number(this: &MyClass, number: u32) -> MyClass;
    #[wasm_bindgen(method)]
    fn render(this: &MyClass) -> String;
}

// lifted from the `console_log` example
#[wasm_bindgen]
extern "C" {
    #[wasm_bindgen(js_namespace = console)]
    fn log(s: &str);
}

#[wasm_bindgen(start)]
pub fn run() {
    log(&format!("Hello, {}!", name()));

    let x = MyClass::new();
    assert_eq!(x.number(), 42);
    x.set_number(10);
    log(&x.render());
}

#}

You can also explore the full list of ways to configure imports